If you have ever experienced artistic frustration while drawing (or wondered in exasperation, “Can I actually learn to draw?") then this article is for you.
Why do we decide to
learn a new skill, or pick up a new hobby? Because we expect to enjoy it! Once we
start studying or practicing, however, we quickly realize how much work lies ahead in order to become proficient. All too often, this leads to self-imposed pressure, time limits, or unrealistic goals - our untried ideas of how the learning process should unfold preventing our full enjoyment of the activity. Enthusiasm can all too quickly turn to frustration. Why does this happen and what can we do about it?
Our character traits can help us or hinder us in the learning process (usually a bit of both!): perfectionism, for example, is a double-edged sword. It can push us to strive for new heights, or cause us to freeze, unable to take the next step for fear of getting it wrong.
I write this article as someone who has long observed these tendencies in myself. I can be both impatient and something of a perfectionist - a combination that can wreak havoc if I allow it to. This has made me something of a ‘mindset enthusiast,’ and over the years I have discovered processes to lessen the artistic frustration that we all experience at some point, when our drawings (or drawing processes) aren’t progressing the way we had envisioned.
I have observed
that the more we allow ourselves to enjoy the drawing process, the faster we
progress. Because this is often easier said than done, in this guide I share 9 processes that I find most helpful in easing artistic frustration and allowing oneself to enjoy everything
that comes with learning a new skill.
*This article contains affiliate links to books that I highly recommend.
We can distill the drawing process into three main categories:
A) Noticing areas
of your drawing that don’t look like your subject
B) Analyzing why they don’t look like your subject
C) Taking steps to make them look more like your subject
D) Repeating steps A through C
Do you notice that the word ‘mistake’ is nowhere to be found in the above statement? A mistake implies that something has gone wrong, when really – nothing has gone wrong! If your drawing does not yet resemble your subject, it’s simply a ‘Step A’ moment, a natural part of the drawing process.
Knowing this, you can expect that for most of the process, your drawing will not convincingly resemble your subject. You haven’t failed! You’re simply not finished yet. Keep going.
With practice, experience, and proper instruction, you will move through the stages of the drawing process more quickly, efficiently, and with more confidence, arriving sooner at a convincing drawing. However, the process will always be one of exploration, discovery and revision.
My drawings tend to go through an 'ugly duckling phase'. Would you imagine, looking at the drawing below on the left, that it would become the drawing on the right? Well, it did in this lip drawing tutorial! Was the drawing 'wrong' or 'incorrect' because it didn't resemble my subject for the first while? Not at all, it was simply in an early (and necessary) stage of the drawing process.
When your drawing does not yet look like your subject, give yourself a break! Try to relax into the process rather than interpreting it as something gone wrong.
Since learning how to see is an essential part of drawing, whenever you notice a specific difference between your drawing and
your subject - celebrate! This is evidence that your eye is improving and that you are becoming a more
Drawing is a multi-faceted skill that takes time and practice to acquire. There is no way around this. You simply won’t learn to draw masterfully in a day, a week, or even several months (though you can make significant progress in that time with proper instruction and practice!)
However, if we consciously bring our attention to the parts of the drawing process that we most enjoy, it can ease our rush to get to a certain skill level, or to the end result of a drawing.
The key is to find the parts of the process that you most enjoy. For example, do you enjoy ...
There is so much to enjoy on your way to a finished drawing! These are just a few of the possible examples.
You don’t need to foresee all the steps you will need to take to finish your drawing. You just need the next, easiest step. Focusing on the next small step forward can reduce anxiety and artistic frustration, helping you to enjoy the drawing process.
(It can also greatly
help to know what stage of the drawing process you’re in and what the
priorities of that stage are. You can learn these in my free Mini-Course.)
Have you been drawing for a while? Have you ever stopped to reflect on how much you have already learned and improved?
All too often we speed
past our accomplishments, when the simple act of acknowledging them can improve
our mood and our confidence, motivating us to continue.
I decided to do this exercise as well, and show you a comparison of two of my early portrait drawings. In the image above, the top photo is an early self-portrait that I drew in 2007 before starting my full-time art education. (Though it's not my first portrait, nor my worst one, it is the earliest one I could find.) I completed the bottom portrait a year or two into my full-time art studies.
These days I create gallery-sized drawings, such as the drawing of outer space below.
I show you this to point out that I was not born with an innate ability to draw! It has taken years of study and practice, and it all began with seeking out the drawing education that I needed, and committing to a life-long journey of study and improvement.
I invite you to do the same by taking my free Mini-Course on the essential concepts and stages of realistic drawing (or jump into a full-length course here!)
Try these ways of tricking yourself into relieving the pressure of perfectionism and having more fun while you draw:
Strategy 5 Exercise A) Practice short, repetitive drawing exercises (such as the ones in my Mini-Course). Many of the most useful drawing exercises don’t lead to a beautiful, finished product. Instead, they isolate a specific skill or part of the drawing process, and are intended to be completed fairly quickly, and in great number. After all, repetition is the mother of skill.
Much of drawing requires us to get a certain amount of general information on the page before we can effectively judge whether or not it’s accurate. Examples of this are using the envelope method to start a drawing (covered in Lesson 1 of my Mini-Course), or simplifying the values of a subject into three groups (covered in Lesson 5 of my Mini-Course).
Short drawing exercises are an excellent way to greatly improve your skills, and to get used to pushing
through ‘perfectionism paralysis.’ Practicing this way lessens the 'preciousness' with which we often
approach drawings, helping us get information down on
the page quickly before refining and revising it. (After all, you can't
perfect what's not there!)
Strategy 5 Exercise B) Start a new drawing. Tell yourself that it’s a ‘throwaway’, or that it’s just for fun. Nothing serious happening here. Give yourself a time frame (less time than it would take you to finish the drawing), and draw for the enjoyment of the process only.
As you practice drawing, it’s natural to want to see clear, measurable improvement. However, it’s important to keep in mind that progress is often not linear.
In the book Atomic Habits, author James Clear gives one of my favorite examples of what progress is really like. He uses the example of melting an ice cube in a room heated to 25 degrees Fahrenheit. He describes the temperature of the room rising … to 27 degrees … to 29 degrees … with no visible change to the ice cube. At 31 degrees – still nothing!
Then, at 32 degrees (finally!) the ice begins to melt.
Would this have been possible without the time and energy that raised the temperature of the room to 32 degrees? Absolutely not!
"Breakthrough moments are often the result of many previous actions, which build up the potential required to unleash a major change," writes Clear. The issue is that, “People make a few small changes, fail to see a tangible result, and decide to stop.” Though Clear is referring to developing good habits here, this applies perfectly to drawing.
When learning to draw, you may only see significant results when you hit a similar ‘32 degree threshold’, but it won’t be possible without all of the work you put in prior to that. Clear calls the time period where you don’t see significant improvement the “plateau of latent potential,” or the “valley of disappointment,” explaining that it’s a hallmark of the compounding process.
To make a meaningful difference in your drawing skills, the work you put in needs to accumulate long enough to break through inevitable plateaus. What seems like a stagnant period does not mean that the work you’re doing isn’t having an effect.
I highly recommend the book Atomic Habits, and listen to it regularly to remind myself that it’s the accumulation of small, daily actions that create tangible results.
What does this mean for your drawing skills?
It means that all drawing practice accumulates (no matter how the drawing turns out!), eventually resulting in undeniable improvement. Worst case scenario: what if you don’t like your finished drawing? You have still successfully added to the hours of practice necessary to eventually overcome the “plateau of latent potential.”
You can bask in the knowledge that drawing practice is never wasted time, never failure. You’re completing the one essential action for improvement: practicing.
Every time you draw, you succeed in accumulating the experience necessary for improvement.
Do you ever notice how often you think repetitive thoughts? Our minds constantly return to thoughts that we had the day before, and the day before that, etc.
When these repetitive thoughts are negative, if left unchecked, they can become ingrained beliefs that restrict our progress and development. For example, if you repeatedly think, “I’ll never learn how to draw,” could this hinder your progress and happiness, eventually becoming a belief that causes you to stop drawing? Certainly.
Fortunately, through conscious effort we can learn to catch ourselves when we think unproductive thoughts, and, one by one, rewrite our own scripts.
The key here is to notice yourself thinking a negative thought, and to reach for a slightly better-feeling thought.
For example, the thought, “This drawing looks terrible,” can be replaced with, “My drawing isn’t looking like my subject yet, but I know that this is a natural part of the drawing process. With practice I’ll be able to move through the steps of the drawing process more easily and effectively. My next step is to analyze why my drawing isn’t resembling my subject.”
An important point is that this slightly better-feeling thought needs to be believable. For example, trying to replace the thought, “I’ll never learn how to draw,” with “I’m a brilliant draftsperson,” probably won’t work. Instead of taking such a drastic leap, reach for something that you can believe right now, and that feels better.
For example, try replacing, “I’ll never learn how to draw,” with: “I know that learning to draw takes time and cumulative practice. I drew for an hour today, practicing using exercises from a qualified teacher. My skills are improving every day, even if the visible progress is slight. If I continue practicing, I will inevitably improve.”
Doesn’t that feel better?
Since I started using this technique daily, I have noticed a tremendous improvement in my mood, and more enjoyment in all of my activities, not just drawing.
I am an avid goal-setter. I love having a clear idea of what I want to accomplish, and in what time frame. However, after years of goal-setting I noticed an unhealthy pattern: I constantly underestimated the time it would take to finish or achieve something. (And not by a little bit: by at least two thirds!) Then, when I didn’t achieve said goal in that unrealistic time frame, I felt like a failure.
Once I realized this (after years of unrealistic goal setting!), I tried tripling the amount of time that I allowed myself to accomplish any given task. That helped to some degree, but still wasn’t quite the answer I was looking for.
If you’re reading this account and thinking, “Why on Earth would anyone put themselves through this,” then feel free to skip ahead, and consider yourself one of the lucky ones to whom this doesn’t apply!
If this resonates with you, let’s pause this story to consider how silly it is to give ourselves a time limit to improve or achieve something (especially a challenging skill that you’re learning such as drawing).
When a child is learning how to walk, do we give them a time limit?
“You better be walking by August 13, Jimmy!”
No, that’s absurd! Does that child stop trying to learn how to walk if they haven’t been able to by a certain day? Of course not.
How do we respond to their process of learning how to walk? We support that child for as long as it takes, without question, celebrating the smallest signs of progress.
What if we adopted that same attitude towards ourselves: supporting ourselves without question for as long as it takes to learn or achieve whatever we’re striving for, excitedly celebrating the smallest milestones that we achieve along the way? Wouldn’t that transform our experience?
After trying more realistic goal setting for some time, I came across James Clear’s Atomic Habits book, and tried something completely foreign to me: I let go of goal-setting for a while, and instead adopted Clear’s attitude of focusing on daily, minuscule, 1% improvements rather than an end result.
“Forget about goals, focus on systems instead,” writes Clear, pointing out that focusing on the daily action necessary to achieve a result still gets you to the goal!
I felt significant relief when the concepts of this book “clicked”. With this mindset shift, I started feeling accomplished every day, and found that this works phenomenally for drawing. After all, I am still, and will always be, improving my drawing skills. In that sense, there is no possible ‘end’ to get to, so I might as well enjoy the journey!
Sometimes the best thing to do is to take a break from your drawing. Frustration can build up momentum that can be difficult to escape, and a way to slow it down is to shift your attention to something else entirely.
If the resistance is too great to be helped by any of the previous techniques, it can be a sign that you need to walk away for a while.
happens, remind yourself that taking breaks from your drawing is an excellent
habit to establish, because it allows you to view it from a
fresh perspective when you return to it again.
It can take a conscious effort to combat artistic frustration and learn to enjoy the challenges that come with learning a new skill. Learning to draw is no exception! There are many drawing concepts to learn and skills to acquire in order to create realistic drawings. There will be moments when you will need to work on your mindset to build yourself up and give yourself a confidence boost. However, this is well worth the effort, as it’s amazing how a shift in perception can transform our experience of an activity (and speed up our progress!)
Ultimately, the more
you allow yourself to enjoy the process of drawing, the more quickly you will
improve. I sincerely hope
that the strategies on this page help you do just that, and, over time, convince you that the answer to the question, “Can I
learn to draw?” is a resounding “Yes!”
Wishing you ease and enthusiasm during your next drawing,
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